Typography

June 29, 2008

Last year I had a class that its name was “applied typography”.

In this class we had a study of the history and forms of characters.

I did a study of 2 fonts. For this project I chose the fonts Latin Wide and Garamond bold. I wanted to merge and to create a new font for display.

The result makes the students think in all forms of characters.

For example, the x-height and the spaces within the characters.

I did this work using Adobe Illustrator software.

Then we made another study on the pixels. For this project I did a square (1 mm) .

The instructor told us that we should have as principle 8 pixels for its height, and 5 pixels for the wide.

This assignment was very entertaining, because we saw the creation of fonts to display in its essence from the pixels and its behavior in different applications.

The final work for this class was a font that I called “John Zorn”.

During the class we heard a theme of the musician John Zorn.

Basically, the idea was to perceive the feeling that the music is transmitting, and then to draw or to write the name of the musician.

For this project I drew the name with black ink and brushes.

This work was experimental and one of the biggest benefits is that it creates an environment that helps us to develop the concept.

It appears that the fonts come to complete a draft design.

I think that we should only have the subtlety to find the correct font to communicate the message.

The importance of a typeface is vital to any design’s project.


The Graffiti

June 27, 2008

The graffiti has been developed several decades ago and slowly has captured many supporters and detractors around the world.

In this project I would like to show the graffiti as a means of popular expression. To graph that this applied expression is one way to see the art.

However, we shouldn’t confuse it with vandalism (which is also a means of expression that I will not be discussed in this post).

The graffiti has become a globally cultural phenomenon and has been a source of criticism unjustified in many cases.

I would like through this work for MDIA 2185 Adobe Photoshop class, to show this artistic medium.

When a graffiti is correctly applied, it shows us the culture, wealth and empties in our city.

I don’t accept the graffiti like a vandalism art. I respect the private property. Is not necessary to explain it.

Through these images and personal interpretations of reality, the artists are giving us a vision of our culture, as well as an important means of social criticism, for our city and thus of our society.

These images ornaments and decorates some abandoned sectors of the city, which undoubtedly is a visual change from something negative to something visually pleasing.

Sometimes, the graffiti is giving us life and color to the environment, depending on how we want to see it.

I wanted to show in this poster a change between the gray and dark of an environment with a color wave.

The colours are life!!!


The World Soundscape Project (WSP)

June 27, 2008

In 2007 from July to December I was participating in a program called “The sound as a material of design” in the Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Catolica de Chile).

There was a specific program in study, and we read a lot of information about The World Soundscape Project (WSP).

This project was established as an educational and research group in Vancouver by R. Murray Schafer at Simon Fraser University during the late 1960s and early 1970s.

Its principal purposes were to put attention to the sonic environment through noise pollution in Vancouver.

Murray Schafer (in 1973) called “The Music of the Environment”, in which he describes examples of acoustic design. He wrote:

“Noise is a much bigger problem today than it was ever before. And so it is in the midst of the present cacophony that we’ve begun to listen very carefully to what is taking place around us with the hope that if enough people can be made aware of the facts, changes might be demanded and eventually brought about.”

R. Murray Schafer

Principally, this project recorded the Stanley Park sonic environment in a tape and then Murray Shafer studied the frequency and levels of sound. As result he called it Soundscape” having reference to landscapes.

The soundscape ideology recognizes that when humans enter an environment, they have an immediate effect on the sounds; the soundscape is human-made and in that sense, composed.

In this course I understood that “Soundscape” is the acoustic manifestation of “place”.

In this project we could feel the Hi-fi and low-fi Soundscape and its interaction between noise and people.

This is a very interesting project where the sound is the centre of design.

How can we design with sound?


The intervention of a graphic artist

June 26, 2008

I have always asked myself why sometimes the art is catalogued as elitist?

The question at issue: What is art and for what serves?

Perhaps, one of the many answers we could find in the prehistory and the desire of human beings to translate the reality and immortalized for the benefit of a people and future generations.

Since when art is sold?

The art has always been present in every historical period. It is important for example, the philosophical and artistic development during the Renaissance.

The Renaissance was only a local movement. To be more precise it was in the Florence city, Italy, but given its artistic features this phenomenon was able to go through over time and to influence to other cultures.

In this period of Europe’s history was forged one of the most important events for the art.

The commission and the sale of an artwork.

The art schools preparing disciples. Masters, teachers and disciples by speciality.

As in any period, there is a group of artists who are called avant-garde.

This group of artists development of the technical breakthrough in thoughts either against the system, against the company or perhaps, against the same artistic methodology legacy of their masters.

Considering the forefront as a form of expression there is an alternative art scene that must be present to transgress some rules.

The Graffiti is an artistic expression that makes its work on the walls or private property. This movement has a deep sense of social criticism.

In some cultures it is called vandalism.

The Urban Intervention is a movement where artists use the environment as an artistic support. The environment is used for paints, structures, sculptures, sound or spaces.

There is another artistic movement called Stencil.

This movement can have social criticism connotations where humor or the ironical has vital charge. However, the stencil is not a phenomenon of our times.

In prehistoric times we had already called the Cave Art. In many caves the man was protected from weather or predators.

This technique is associated with the stencil (to spit ink over the hands) that may has survival ideological roots.

There is another spontaneous movement called Sticker. This street art movement is used to intervene all public spaces.

The sticker uses as backing the street, signage, walls, billboards, buses, walls and every place where to put a message.

It appears that the artistic movements as the Intervention, the Graffiti, Stencil, Sculpture, Painting and Sticker are not contemporaneus and it have always been for the people.

What is the sense to hide an artwork? For that reason the mu$eum$’s cellars are full of artistic pieces.

What will Leonardo da Vinci tell us at seeing thousands of people waiting hours for entering to the museum and see his work called La Gioconda?


What kind of design do you prefer… the Apollonian or Dionysian?

June 26, 2008

We must recognize that our culture is influenced by the Greek world, for its mythology, and their gods.

Ancient Greece is known for its stance towards life and of course in the way they raised, experienced and created art.

One of its most recognized deities was Apollo.

Apollo is a God of beauty and wisdom in the full knowledge of things. A God of subtlety, beauty, poetry to life and its pleasures of well-observed.

Also we have Dionysus. He is a God of ecstasy, violence and the force.

A God who motivates with force, with masculinity and rudeness of physical expression.

These Gods show us two ways. These roads are embodied in our own design projects.

The Apollonian line is subtle. From harmonic ideas, that has to do with the enjoyment of the beautiful aesthetic.

The sculpture, poetry and music was mostly influenced by what the Apollonian line.

Instead Dionysian line is expressed in some cases violence. The art of war was influenced by Dionysus God.

This line of thought is connected with the strength, energy, movement, and the exacerbation of the senses.

Considering these philosophical lines in our projects that are crossing between what Apollonian or Dionysian line.

In a graphic piece we can have exasperation, anger, excitement, anger or exaltation.

Moreover, in a custom design we can take Apollonian beauty, harmony in the colors and shapes.

How to equate these lines without losing the goal in the design?

The goal in graphic design is the most important. The objective in any project is Communication.

Considering the communication as the primodial element, nothing is more important than talent or virtuosity of the designer, but his or her assertiveness in communication. Regardless of their artistic graphic vision which should prevail in its structure and content.

Taking clear the main idea Apollonian or Dionysian lines will give us the answer and the certainty of a goal achieved or not achieved goal.


“I smile and I learn” Project

June 17, 2008

“I smile and I learn” Project is an interactive CD Rom for deaf children in pre-school.
This interactive CD is my project to finish my career as a graphic designer.

For deaf people there is a language that is called LENSE or Signs Language. This language sometimes is different depending on where they are living.

The LENSE is mainly used with hands and the body to communicate a word, phrase or concept. Also in this language are used the facial gestures.

The deaf people are going expressing the words and concepts. This is a “communication”, but with another code language. Undoubtedly, when there are transmitter and receiver we have communication.

Letter by letter

There is also, the dactylology. The dactylology is an alphabet shaped by the hands. The dactylology is used to compose the words letter by letter as in the case of proper nouns, and is like writing, but with the hands.

Considering this target, we should know what vulnerable in some cases can be a deaf person’s life.

Many times we do not understand what difficult can be for people with special needs, when they are trying to adapt to society and the society do not accept them, rather, be rejected by different. I think there is only a difference in the communication’s code.

I learned about this project, we must not call them disabled by lack of hearing. However, we can call them “people with special needs”, because Nature Mother is wise and is responsible for enhancing the senses precisely when there are flaws in other ways.

Only deaf, not dumb

I learned the true meaning of being deaf. We should never call them deaf and dumb.

The dumb is a consequence of the lack of hearing or to have a hearing impaired.

Deaf people can speak with help of Speech Therapy (Phonoaudiology), therefore, they are not dumb.

Always it has been spoken that children into the family is the first where they are incorporated in the society.

Then at school the children are facing its second incorporation into the society.

It is precisely in these two segments where we can help to this target. Searching teach methodologies that promote the participation in the family, to strengthen emotional ties and give them security from the earliest years of life.

Basically in the family, which is the foundation of any society. It is where children learn early examples of coexistence. These are their first steps to an emotional, intellectual, and spiritual development.

Auto-marginalization

In some families of children with hearing impairment there is a vacuum, because by not having a flowing communication the children are going away from their parents and siblings, and in some cases has been detected guilt and rejection of themselves for being unable to communicate. These children end with an auto-marginalization.

Some parents do not accept the deafness of their children, and the family finishes living a drama that can endure for long time. For this reason they need assistance and help of professionals who are constantly ensuring the mental and emotional well-being of the child, and of course, the family as well.

There is also total deafness and deafness with hearing remnants. In deafness with hearing remnants commonly referred to as hearing loss (hypoacusis).

The children can listen and discriminate hearing the sound through headphones and thanks to science in medicine, some children at an early age can have a “Cochlear Implant”.

We have the solution

The methodology of teaching deaf people is a very complex problem to solve.

Sometimes a dead person doesn’t understand the abstract of a sentence or an expression. When something is translated from an oral or writting language to LENSE they don’t have signs for understanding it.

We need more than good intentions to seek solutions.

I have the impression that if we really are interested in helping people, the barriers can be crossed, but they need professionals who have a real commitment to others. A commitment to society, a commitment to life…

I feel that many projects are not a utopia… and some projects can be a reality, just we should look around us and to give the best that we have: our profession… in my case the Graphic Design as a service for people.